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History

The term Al-Khalid tank (Urdu: الخالد ٹینک‎—Al-Xālid Ṫaiŋk, pronounced [əl-ˈxɑːlɪd̪ ʈæːŋk] lit. The Immortal Tank) and MBT-2000 refers to the jointly developed variants of a modern main battle tank by Pakistan and China during the 1990's. About 300 Al-Khalid tanks were in service with the Pakistan Army as of 2009. The Bangladesh Army ordered 44 MBT 2000 tanks in 2011. This vehicle is also used by the Royal Moroccan Army. It was trialed by the Peruvian Army for possible acquisition, but was discarded due to financial problems.

Operated by a crew of three and armed with a 125 mm smoothbore tank gun that is reloaded automatically, the tank uses a modern fire-control system integrated with night-fighting equipment and is capable of firing many types of anti-tank rounds as well as guided anti-tank missiles. The Al-Khalid is named after the 7th-century Muslim commander Khalid bin al-Walid (592-642 AD). An evolution of Chinese and Soviet tanks, the design is considerably smaller and lighter than most Western main battle tanks. It is based on the Chinese Type 90-II, which combined technologies from several Soviet and Western main battle tanks. The Al-Khalid is unusual in that it was designed to be adaptable for manufacturing, so that it can be easily integrated with a variety of foreign engines and transmissions. The current production variant of the Al-Khalid uses a diesel engine and transmission supplied by the KMDB design bureau of Ukraine. The first production models entered service with the Pakistan Army in 2001.

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Russia 2S25 Sprut-SD - BMPT Terminator - T-90 - Object 640 Black Eagle - 2S19 Msta-S - T-14 Armata (Object 148)
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Romania TR-85 Bizonul
Asia
China Type 59 - Type 62 - Type 69-II - Type 79 - Type 83 - Type 83 MLRS - Type 85 - Jaguar MBT - PTZ-89 - Type 99 - PLZ-05
Japan Type 60 - Type 61 - Type 74 - Type 74 ACS - Type 89 IFV - Type 90 Kyu-maru - Type 10 Hitomaru
Israel Sherman M-51 - Magach - Merkava
South Korea K1 88 - K2 Black Panther - K9 Thunder
North Korea Type 82 (PT-85 Sinhung)
India Arjun
Iran Zulfiqar
Pakistan Al-Khalid (MBT-2000)
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Nazi Germany Panzer II - Panzer III - Panzer IV - Panther - Tiger I - Tiger II - Maus
Soviet Union BT-2 - BT-7 - T-28 - KV-1 - T-34/85 - IS
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Unreleased Vehicles
NATO

USA: M1A2 Abrams Tusk II

Poland: PL-01 Concept

Sweden: Grkpbv 90120

Warsaw Pact

USSR: BMP-1 - Molot Object 477

Asia

Israel: MAR-290 Eshel ha-Yarden MLRS

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